India is achieving great heights in the field of space science with the help of Indian Space Research Organisation. ISRO is one of the six largest space organisations in the world. It was founded in the year 1969. Vikram Sarabhai has been one of the key persons in guiding and developing the organisation. Since its establishment, ISRO has made several developments in space technology and has developed various services to the nation such as broadcast, disaster management, navigation, geographic information system and many more.
ISRO launched one of the first cost efficient launch system PSLV ( Polar Satellite Launching Vehicle) and then later GSLV (Geo-synchronize Satellite Launching Vehicle) to launch heavier bodies. Chandrayaan 1 was India’s first mission to Moon on October 22, 2008. With the successful completion of the objectives of Chandrayaan 1, now the country has launched its second lunar mission Chandrayaan 2 on 22 July, 2019.
Chandrayaan 2 is the first lunar mission that will be orbiting the moon’s south polar region. The south polar region remains mostly in the shadow region and therefore has not been explored till now. The south polar region is of great importance as it consists of information about the historical record of inner solar system and the origin of moon. The south pole has craters that contain fossil record of the early solar system.
As Chandrayaan 1 discovered evidences of water molecule on the moon, the objective of Chandrayaan 2 is to discover the origin of water on moon. It is also the first mission to conduct a soft landing on the moon’s south polar region to land Vikram lander and Pragyan rover.
We can definitely say that the launch of Chandrayaan 2 by ISRO has added another feather to its cap. With the success of Chandrayaan 2, India will be increasing its position in space science and economy.