We all have been surfing the internet for what now feels like forever. But, do we know everything about the internet or what’s on the internet for that matter. What we browse through on a daily basis might not even constitute 1% of the internet. The Internet consists of areas or levels known as the Surface Web, Deep Web, and the infamous Dark Web.
The Surface Web also is known as the Visible Web, it is basically the part of the web which is indexed by search engines. The best example for a search engine today is Google, so, all the information that can be readily accessed through a Google search lies under the domain of Surface Web. Therefore, everything that can be seen as a result of any search is Surface Web. These indexed pages are on a server which can be accessed by all search engines to provide optimal results. The Surface Web, however, only consists of about 4-5% of the total internet consisting of about 5.62 billion pages.
We generally use Google drive to back up our data and files. Various governments and institutions also use a part of the internet to store classified files and information. Similarly, banks too use the same part of the internet to store their confidential data. All of these cannot be readily accessed by the general public and will not show up on any search result. These fall under the domain of the Deep Web. The Deep Web, also known as the Invisible Web consists of non-indexed pages and therefore is not available for all. It can be accessed only by an authorized user having permission (such as UserId, Password, Url) to do so. The Deep Web comprises more than 90% of the internet. Personal email accounts, bank details, personal account passwords are all a part of the deep web as they cannot be accessed by others. The deep web is a relatively safe place when compared to the dark web.
As the name suggests, the Dark Web is a part of the internet that has been highly associated with criminal and illegal activities. Although deep web and dark web are sometimes used interchangeably, it is important to know that they are two distinct things. Special software, configurations, and authorizations are required to access the Dark Web as it operates with a high degree of anonymity. The TOR network, which was created by the US Navy for the government in the 1990s and was later open sourced in 2004, and is one of the most popular browsers today to access the dark web.
No matter how tempting it might be to see the Dark Web for oneself, it is strongly encouraged to maintain distance from it. Once sucked into the whirlpool of the dark web, it might be impossible for one to get.