Yes, you read the question correctly. While Delhi is the capital of India how come India be a capital of something else. But unfortunately, it is. India is known as the capital of diabetes. Diabetes also is known as the sugar disease is a term we all are most familiar because of around 6.92 crore people in India are affected by this disease. Don’t we know at least one person who is diagnosed with diabetes? Have we ever thought what makes so many people prone to this disease? For that, one must understand about it more clearly than knowing it as just a sugar disease.

The types of diabetes are Diabetes type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Diabetes type 1 is an autoimmune disease, that is our immune system which protects our body from the pathogens starts destroying the cells from the pancreas that make insulin. Insulin is the hormone that regulates the glucose (sugar) level in the blood. This may be due to some viral or bacterial infection and other chemical components taken with food and sometimes genetic.

The most common type of diabetes with which people are affected is Diabetes type 2. The most common cause for this is obesity, bad diet, sedentary lifestyle, and an increase in age. According to WHO it is estimated that there would be a rise of about 58% of diabetes type 2 patients in India by the year 2030. Gestational diabetes is diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Family history, obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome, and large baby weighing may cause this type of diabetes.

So now knowing about the causes of diabetes, a thought would cross our mind for sure. It is we and our daily habits that form our lifestyle can either prevent or cause diabetes. Why think about curing when we can prevent it in the first place?. Drinking lots of water, eating properly at the proper time, limiting sugar from the diet by increasing high fiber diet, saying no to processed and fast foods, this seems tough but is very much helpful in keeping you healthy i.e. exercise(least half an hour), burning your fat and losing weight, quitting smoking, and along with a good news for coffee/tea lovers is that drinking those (but remember to limit the sugar) can prevent you from a bitter pill to swallow.

There’s nothing more important than our good health – that’s our principal capital asset.

– Arlen Specter


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