Are you a cineholic who love to watch many movies? If yes, you should see movies from a different perspective than the people who are normal movie watchers. For you to enjoy the film in a much better way you should be able to decode something that a director says in an indirect way. You should have a much deeper insight into a movie. Though Cinema has a lot to explore and learn, I would discuss here some information which will be helpful for you to recognize them while watching your next movie.

This is Part 1 in which we will discuss Match Cut and Basic Shot types.

Match Cut

A match cut refers to when a director cuts from one scene to a completely different scene but keeps objects from the two scenes graphically matched so as to establish continuity and flow. There are three types of match cuts.

  • Graphical Match: A visual element is carried over from one shot to the next shot. In this cut, there will be a graphical image which is kept constant and the scenarios will change to a new different scene. In the movie “Titanic” the image of the ship which was sailing is changed to the destroyed ship under the sea is an example of a graphical match.
  • Match on Action: The movement of a character is carried over from one shot to the next shot. Let us take a scene that when a character(he/she) is speaking to someone. After speaking he/she turns back and opens the door to go out. But suddenly the shot is cut there and the scenario is changed to some other location and some other character opens another door and a new scene is started. Here the door acts a medium and this is a match on action.
  • Sound Bridge: Carries over a sound element from one shot to the next shot. For example in a scene, there is a quarrel between parents in their room at midnight. The husband gets tensed and he slams the door. The scene is cut there and the next scene shown is the son who is sleeping in another room wakes up suddenly from his sleep. Here the sound of the door acts as a medium and the audience will get continuity to feel that the son woke up because of the sound of the door slammed. This is Sound bridge.

Basic Shot Types

  • Extreme Long Shot: The Camera is set at the farthest location from the subject and it is used to give importance to the locations.
  • Long Shot: The camera is set closer to the subject in a way that background is also visible but it has no much importance. The character is shown fully from head to toe.
  • Medium Shot: The camera is set closer to show the character from the chest or waist. The detailed information of the character is portrayed like what he wears and what mental state he is in whether happy or angry.
  • Close Up: Here only the face of the character is shown to portray the facial expressions which narrate the scene. It is also used to show objects closely so that the importance of the object is portrayed.
  • Extreme Close Up: In this shot, only a part of the face is shown for example the eyes to show the tensed situation or the tears dropping.


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