USB’s are the standard for cables and connectors that we use frequently to transfer data from one device to another which usually include peripheral devices and PCs. USB stands for universal serial bus. Its an industry standard that has established specifications for cables and connectors. So, what is USB type-C? well USB Types are to specify the types of connectors being used to transfer data. It shouldn’t be mistaken for the versions of USB. So, USB has 4 versions till now. USB 1.X, USB 2.0, USB 3.X and the latest being USB 4 which is still being developed. Versions of USB defines how fast is the data transfer across devices. For e.g.

Connectors USB 1.0
1996
USB 2.0
2001
USB 2.0
Revised
USB 3.0
2011
USB 3.1
2014
USB 3.2
2017
USB4
2019
Data rate 1.5 Mbit/s
(Low Speed)
480 Mbit/s
(High Speed)
5 Gbit/s
(SuperSpeed)
10 Gbit/s
(SuperSpeed+)
20 Gbit/s
(SuperSpeed+)
40 Gbit/s
(SuperSpeed+ and Thunderbolt 3)

So, from the above table its clear that the higher the USB version the better is the data rate. On the other hand, USB types specifies the standard of connectors being used to connect devices. There are many different of USB types like – USB Type-A, USB Type-B and USB Type-C. There are mini and micro versions of it also. One thing that should be noted that USB versions do matter for data transfer rates but USB Types have nothing to do with data transfer rates. Like a USB Type-A may give higher or lower data transfer rates depending upon the version of USB it supports. Likewise, a USB Type-C may also give higher or lower data transfer rates depending upon the version of USB it supports. USB types simply determines the ease of transferring data.

So, why should you bother about USB type-C? Well the reason behind gaining the popularity of USB Type-C in recent years and its advantages over the former version of USBs can be summed in the following points:

  1. Ease of Usability

Forget about the troubles of flipping the USB connector up and down to see if it fits in the socket or not. Type-C is reversible i.e. it will go into the socket either way.

  • Industry Standard

Yes, you heard it right, from big companies like Apple, Google, Samsung, etc. adopting it and making it the standard versions across their flagship devices. This has pretty much now become the industry standard.

  • Supports many protocols

Yes, USB-C can support many different protocols that can allow users output HDMI, VGA, Display Port or other types of connections from that single USB port.

  • Higher Power delivery

Generally, USB 2.0 connections provide up to 2.0 watts of Power. But since USB-C Supports USB PD so this integration can provide a power delivery of up to 100 watts.

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